Papaya (Carica papaya) is a quick growing perennial tree-like plant that is fast becoming a major crop in Guyana with huge potentials for export.. It is a popular fruit in Guyana available throughout the year. Hybrid papaya trees begin to produce fruits within nine months after transplanting depending on the cultivar, production practices and weather conditions.
Varieties: There are two types of papayas, Hawaiian and Mexican. The Hawaiian varieties are the papayas commonly found in supermarkets internationally. These pear-shaped fruit generally weigh about 1 pound and have yellow skin when ripe. The flesh is bright orange or pinkish, depending on variety, with small black seeds clustered in the center. Hawaiian papayas are easier to harvest because the plants seldom grow taller than 8 feet. Mexican papayas are much larger the the Hawaiian types and may weigh up to 10 pounds and be more than 15 inches long. The flesh may be yellow, orange or pink. The flavour is less intense than that the Hawaiian papaya but still is delicious and extremely enjoyable. They are slightly easier to grow than Hawaiian papayas. A properly ripened papaya is juicy, sweetish and somewhat like a cantaloupe in flavour, although musky in some types. The fruit (and leaves) contain papain which helps digestion and is used to tenderize meat.
Several types of Papayas are grown in Guyana ranging from the large elongated to the smaller pear like shaped types. Some of the common varieties include: known –You No1, Red Lady, Sun Rise, Tainung No. 1 and Tainung No. 2. The following entails a brief description of the various types grown in Guyana.
* Site Selection
* Land Preparation
* After Care
* PAPAYA RINGSPOT
* DAMPING-OFF (PHYTOPHTHORA PARASITICA OR P. PALMIVORA)
* POST HARVEST TREATMENT
* SYMPTOMS OF BORON DEFICIENCY
* PESTS OF PAPAYA
* DISEASES OF PAPAYA
Download free Cultivation of Hybrid Papaya & Post Harvest Handling.pdf
Tuesday, November 11, 2008
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